While in many respects the situation in Baghdad is steadily improving, the city's dangers should under no circumstances be underestimated. Kidnappings and terrorist attacks (particularly car-bombs and improvised explosive devices) are real threats, and protesters have been met with deadly violence in the city squares and streets, as of the date of research. Marketplaces are often targeted and are thus especially dangerous. For these reasons many governments warn their citizens to avoid all but essential travel to Baghdad. Every precaution should be taken to remain safe during your time in the city.